The United Nations is an international organization founded in 1945 at the end of the Second World War. Headquartered in New York, and with offices and operations in dozens of countries worldwide, it is currently comprised of 193 Member States. The mission and work of the United Nations are guided by the purposes and principles contained in its founding Charter. The Organization has six principal organs: the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, the Secretariat, the International Court of Justice and the Trusteeship Council. Many UN agencies, funds and programmes also work on specific issues, ranging from providing humanitarian assistance to people in need to protecting the rights of minorities and other vulnerable groups. In tackling the biggest global challenges, the United Nations organizes its work under three distinct yet interlinked pillars: development, peace and security, and human rights. The UN’s work becomes more complex each year, encompassing new challenges such as climate change, international terrorism and Ebola.
Representing UN at the 15th World Summit of Nobel Peace Laureates is Ms. Cristina Gallach of Spain became Under-Secretary-General for Communications and Public Information at the United Nations in February 2015. Before joining the UN, Ms. Gallach served from 2010 as Head of the Public Relations Unit in the Council of the European Union, Directorate General for Information and Communication, Brussels. Prior to that, Ms. Gallach was Spokesperson of the Spanish Government for the European Union rotating Presidency (2010); Spokesperson and Chief Media Advisor of the European Union High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy (1999-2009); and Deputy Spokesperson of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and Chief Media Adviser for the Secretary-General (1996-99). Between 1984 and 1996, she worked as a journalist, serving variously in Spain, Brussels, Moscow, the United States and elsewhere for EFE, TVE Barcelona, and El Periodico and Avui newspapers. Ms. Gallach holds a master’s degree in international affairs from Columbia University, New York, and a degree in communication and journalism from Universidad Autonoma, Barcelona.